Category: Anatomy&function

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Anatomy Of The Coronary Arteries

Left coronary artery It starts with an ostium placed at the half of the left coronary sinus, heading for the left coronary sulcus, situated between the pulmonary artery trunk and left ears. After this...

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Dextrocardia

The heart is a muscular organ, cone-shaped or triangular (was compared even with a pear), pointing down and to the left. It is located in the chest; it is supported to the diaphragm, in...

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CT coronary angiography

Cardiovascular diseases are the first cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. An early diagnosis with the lowest costs it was necessary, which led to the development of both imaging examination techniques as...

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Echocardiography in hypertensive cardiomyopathy

Hypertensive cardiomyopathy defines all structural, morphological and functional cardiac effects caused by direct/indirect chronic high blood pressure. Are included: left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, ventricular extrasystoles, ventricular tachycardia) and...

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Myocardial Bridge

Myocardial bridge is an anomaly characterized by intramyocardial paths of an epicardial coronary artery segment. It was found during autopsies in 1737 and described angiographically in 1960. Typical angiographic aspect of myocardial bridge is...

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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy – Interventional Treatment

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common familial autosomal dominant heart condition, with a heterogeneous phenotypic expression, characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy in the absence of associated conditions that could explain it (high blood pressure, aortic...

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Ebstein’s Disease

Ebstein’s disease is an abnormality of the tricuspid valve in which the septal foil and the posterior foil are shifted to the right ventricular apex and the anterior foil is usually malformed, excessively big...

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Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is an cardiomyopathy with transmission of autosomal dominant type with incomplete penetrance and variable expression associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in young, apparently healthy people, characterized...

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Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a rare disease in which the heart muscle becomes stiff and cannot relax normally during activity, so the ventricles (lower chambers) do not receive enough blood that is then pumped to...

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Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a serious condition in which the heart muscle is weakened and no longer has the strength to pump blood throughout the body. Weakened heart cannot pump much blood, so that more...