Category: Valvulopathy

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Transesophageal Echocardiography

Echocardiography is a diagnostic technique that uses ultrasounds to visualize the structure and function of the heart and also, the great vessels emerging from the heart. During the procedure a transducer (like a small...

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Echocardiography in Valvular Emergencies

Echocardiography is the first investigation for suspicion of valvular disease; it brings important information both about the cause of valve dysfunction and about its severity. In emergency, cardiac ultrasound has many advantages: it can...

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Tricuspid Stenosis

Tricuspid stenosis is characterized by reduced tricuspid orifice, thereby creating a barrier to the passage of blood from the right atrium to the right ventricle during diastole. The frequency of tricuspid stenosis is perceived...

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Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency

The most common cause of tricuspid insufficiency is the right ventricle and the valvular ring dilation causing secondary regurgitation (functional). It can occur as a complication of right ventricular decompensation from any cause. Secondary pulmonary...

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Mitral Valve Prolapse

Mitral valve prolapse is characterized by the prolapse of one or both sides of the valve into the atrium (over 2 mm) during the meso-systole. In primary forms, most commonly in young women, there...

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Aortic Insufficiency

Aortic insufficiency is a valvulopathy characterized by sigmoid aortic valve injury from different causes, and the result is incomplete closure of these valves during ventricle diastole (relaxation). The direct consequence is the discharge into...

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Aortic Stenosis

Symptoms Investigations Treatment Indications for valve replacement Aortic stenosis represents a lesion that consists of narrowing the aortic orifice thus realizing an obstacle to emptying the left ventricle. The causes can be either congenital...

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Mitral Stenosis

Mitral stenosis is a heart condition which consists of mitral valve thickening which becomes rigid, it cannot be fully opened. Article Content Anatomy and physiology Causes Symptoms Risk Factors Investigations Treatment Evolution, Complications Patients Life...