Category: Vessels

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Peripheral Chronic Arthropathy

  Peripheral chronic arthropathy is defined as a chronic disease which affects the peripheral arteries (in the limbs). Atherosclerosis is the main risk factor in the development of peripheral chronic arthropathy.   Peripheral chronic...

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Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries rises above normal. Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension include: shortness of breath (dyspnea) during routine activities, fatigue, chest pain, pounding heartbeat. When the disease...

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Pulmonary Embolism

The pulmonary embolism represents the obstruction of the pulmonary arteries. Once the artery is obstructed, usually by one or more emboli, the blood oxygen level decreases and the pulmonary pressure increases. Pulmonary embolism caused...

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Carotid Artery Disease

What is carotid artery disease? Carotid word comes from Greek and means “to numb”, which should not surprise us, if we think that the pressure applied to the carotid arteries (neck strangulation) causes rapid...

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Transitory Ischemic Attack

Definition It is a neurological disorder manifested through paralysis, sudden loss of speech and which disappear in less than 24 hours. The main cause is represented by the occlusion of a cerebral vessel by...

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Chronic obliterative arteriopathy of the inferior limbs

Chronic obliterative arteriopathy of the inferior limbs is arising from the development of atherosclerotic lesions which progressively obstruct the lumen of the arteries and creates a barrier to vascularization distal of the lower limbs....

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Venous Thrombosis

Venous thrombosis – blood clotting inside the veins, either deep or superficial veins. Complications depend on the location of the venous thrombosis and the thrombus development. CAUSES of thrombosis In the ’20s, a famous pathologist,...

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Doppler Ultrasound of the Carotid Arteries

The arteries that supply the brain with blood pass through the cervical region (neck). At this level they are easy to explore with ultrasound. Two internal carotid arteries (right and left) irrigate the most...

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Ultrasound in Venous Disease

Lower limb venous system consists of a superficial system – immediately under the skin and deep system – surrounded by muscles and deep willing. The disease affects the superficial venous system causing varicose dilatation...