Hypertension is a common condition that interferes with the patient’s lifestyle. A person who is prone to hypertension will always be on guard regarding his health state. In order to effectively control blood pressure and to present to the doctor early if the blood pressure is above the normal range, it is best to follow the main indications from physicians.
Blood pressure above the normal range can affect the heart
People with hypertension should be aware that a pressure exceeding the maximum levels can affect the brain, kidneys and heart.
The main symptoms of high blood pressure are dizziness, headache, hearing or sight disorders and even nosebleeds.
Blood pressure that does not involve a cardiovascular risk should be below 120/80 mm Hg.
If the pressure is below 100/65 mm Hg, it is considered that you are suffering from hypotension.
Doctors warn us that excessive consumption of salt, alcohol, lack of exercise or weight gain can result in high blood pressure.
Essential measures for people with hypertension
For these people, doctors recommend that the blood pressure should be below 140/90 mmHg.
People with diabetes should consider blood pressure levels below 130/80 mm Hg.
If you take your blood pressure at home, it is very important to follow the recommended steps from the doctor in order to avoid measurement errors. Doctors recommend writing down the blood pressure value after each measurement, as to have a clear graphic of the decrease or increase of the pressure level.
There are several factors that may influence blood pressure that are to be taken into account before you take your blood pressure: smoking, physical activity, stress condition, coffee consumption and a sudden change in temperature.
In order for the measurement to indicate the real values of the blood pressure, you should avoid these disturbing factors.
Do not drink alcohol, coffee or smoke for half an hour before.
It is recommended urinating before measuring your blood pressure.
Do not take a tense position and do not stress while using the monitor.
Before you measure your blood pressure at home, ask your doctor what are the rules you have to follow in order to get the real values of the blood pressure.
How to use the monitor
When you take your blood pressure, it is best to sit on a chair, with your legs relaxed not crossed.
The arm should be as well relaxed and supported by the seat handle.
When using the monitor, you need to pump air into the cuff until the blood flow in the arm artery is stopped.
While the air is released from the cuff, the values of the blood pressure can be read from the screen.
If you find it hard to use a classic sphygmomanometer, nowadays you can use digital sphygmomanometers, which are positioned on the wrist while measuring.
After starting the device, the arm has to be pointed towards the opposite shoulder, for the device to be in front of the heart.
Consulting your doctor is very important if your blood pressure rises or falls over the normal limits as to avoid complications resulting from hypertension or hypotension.