Articles

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Sudden Death in Athletes

Sudden death in athletes, even if it is a rare event, always has a negative impact on the population and medical community, because occurs at young individuals, apparently healthy and because of intense media...

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Echocardiography in Valvular Emergencies

Echocardiography is the first investigation for suspicion of valvular disease; it brings important information both about the cause of valve dysfunction and about its severity. In emergency, cardiac ultrasound has many advantages: it can...

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Chest Pain – differential diagnosis

Chest pain is one of the most common causes of presentation to a cardiologist or emergency room. Often the pain is harmless, without life-threatening and has a non-cardiac cause, but in some cases it can...

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Causes of Palpitations

The term “palpitations” corresponds to the perception of an abnormal heart rhythm, sometimes the exact manner in form of extrasystoles or sustained and repetitive form of tachycardia. This is a very common reason for consultation,...

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Echocardiography in hypertensive cardiomyopathy

Hypertensive cardiomyopathy defines all structural, morphological and functional cardiac effects caused by direct/indirect chronic high blood pressure. Are included: left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, ventricular extrasystoles, ventricular tachycardia) and...

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Myocardial Bridge

Myocardial bridge is an anomaly characterized by intramyocardial paths of an epicardial coronary artery segment. It was found during autopsies in 1737 and described angiographically in 1960. Typical angiographic aspect of myocardial bridge is...

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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy – Interventional Treatment

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common familial autosomal dominant heart condition, with a heterogeneous phenotypic expression, characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy in the absence of associated conditions that could explain it (high blood pressure, aortic...

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Infective Endocarditis – Duke diagnostic criteria

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a microbial infection of the endocardial structures produced by blood dissemination of the causal microorganism. The characteristic lesion is endocarditis vegetation, which can be evidenced by echocardiography. Diagnosis of infectious...