Cholesterol is an indispensable substance for the normal functioning of the human body.
75% of the cholesterol is produced by your body and 25% comes from food intake.
LDL cholesterol – “bad” cholesterol – can be deposited in the wall of an artery, which gradually thickens until blocking blood flow. This increases the risk of myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke (paralysis).
LDL cholesterol is naturally produced in the liver or other cells. Some people produce too much due to genes inherited from parents or grandparents. The dietary intake of saturated fats (eg pork, butter) increase levels of LDL cholesterol. If you have a genetic defect in terms of cholesterol metabolism, diet is not sufficient in order to achieve an acceptable level, at which the risk of heart disease decreases.
HDL cholesterol – “good” cholesterol – protects people from acute myocardial infarction. Current data shows that HDL cholesterol removes cholesterol from the walls of the vessels and transports it to the liver, preventing cholesterol deposits in vessel walls as plaque. In conclusion, the level of HDL cholesterol should be higher to protect us.
Triglycerides – are another form of fat in the body. Their growth is associated with a lower cardiovascular risk than cholesterol. They are increased in obese patients, physically inactive, smokers.
Serum cholesterol testing results are expressed in mg / dl. It is recommended that any person over 20 years to determine its lipid profile.
Complete lipid profile includes:
• Total cholesterol
• HDL (good)
• LDL (bad)
• <200 mg / dl – decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, especially if you have other cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, age, smoking, male gender, family history of cardiovascular disease.
•> 240 mg / dl – high risk of cardiovascular disease, double than of those with cholesterol values <200 mg / dl. Ask the doctor to assess the risk and start a treatment plan.
HDL <40 mg / dL in men and <50 mg / dl in women is associated with a high risk. Smoking, physical inactivity and obesity increase the risk and lower the level of HDL.
• <100 mg / dl – optimal
• 100-129 mg / dl – close to optimal
• 130-159 mg / dl – up to the limit
• 160-189 mg / dL – high
•> 190 mg / dL – very high
Beyond these values, the presence of other risk factors, or some underlying cardiovascular disease could better define what the best is for you. For example, patients who have suffered a heart attack – it is recommended to lower the LDL levels up to 70 mg / dl. Other studies using vascular ultrasonography / endovascular series have shown that LDL values smaller than 70 mg / dl can trigger even a slight regression of the carotid or coronary arteries plaque.
• Normal <150 mg / dl
• Medium: 150-199 mg / dl
• High: 200-499 mg / dl
• Very High: 500 mg / dl
In our clinic you can determine with high accuracy the blood levels of cholesterol and its fractions, along with other key laboratory parameters that define the cardiovascular risk profile. Our team of doctors will assess the cardiovascular risk resulting from the sum total of risk factors along with the organic changes that we identify using the equipment in the clinic, in order to determine the optimal action plan.