When the aging process occurs, everyone noticed the changes outside.
However, many changes occur in the interior. Some of these relate to impaired metabolism, digesting food, and through alcohol, drugs and supplements.
For this reason, medication side effects are more common in earlier ages.
Also, older patients are more susceptible to harmful interactions using multiple treatments.
Drugs that were once beneficial cause significant side effects or become risky, only for the person who is talking about going through the aging process.
Doctors say that alcohol dependence is a broad term. Psychiatrists relate differently to alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. In contrast to alcohol, people with addiction experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop drinking. Addiction includes everything that is abuse, psychological dependence, tolerance and withdrawal.
Experts consider abuse as a regular user of a substance that leads to serious disabilities in terms of physical and mental condition.
If the person proves one or more of these effects during that year, it is considered to be an abuse of a substance:
Repeated use of the substance to the point of not being able to fulfill some responsibilities (may not work properly, delay or lack of certain debt or neglect their responsibilities at home).
-Repeated use of substance when a risk is involved (driving a car under the influence of alcohol).
Repeated problems with the law because of substance use (physical assault or arrest for drunk driving, for example).
Insist on the use of substances in which personal or social difficulties concern because of this, verbal or physical aggression against a loved one.
When alcohol leads to a physical need to drink, those persons are deemed to have alcohol dependence.
Addiction is defined as a common need carried to the physical and psychological damage demonstrated by 3 or more of the following consequences that year:
-The need to consume alcohol increasing to satisfy their craving.
-Emergence when not using alcohol withdrawal, with symptoms such as tremor, insomnia, restlessness and agitation.
-Consumption of similar substances to avoid withdrawal effects.
– Drinking alcohol over a long period, consumption becomes more frequently and in larger quantities.
-A inability to reduce consumption, despite the desire to do so.
-Spending a significant time to get alcohol.
-Of because of drinking, a person spend less time at work or in other activities; it may completely abandon pleasurable activities.
CONTINUED alcohol despite awareness that alcohol causes physical and psychological difficulties.
Alcohol and the heart
Alcohol has properties both beneficial and harmful to the body. Regarding the cardiovascular system and heart, excessive drinking can be toxic in a direct way. As a toxin, alcohol can affect heart muscles, and research has shown that lead and severe weakening of the heart and congestive heart failure in alcoholics. Fortunately, most people do not consume alcohol in an excessive manner.
However, minimal to moderate drinking can increase blood pressure and atrial fibrillation in susceptible persons. Because womens are more prone to risks of alcohol consumption, moderate amount thereof is 2 servings daily, compared with 3 glasses for mens.
Consumed in small, studies have shown that alcohol can improve health by regulating blood cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of coronary artery disease and lower the risk of heart attack for some people. Unfortunately, the limit between benefits and risks regarding alcohol remains controversial.
Alcohol consumption by age
Alcohol is metabolized by a number of enzymes in the body. It lost only 8% of alcohol by volume which is not metabolized by urine, breath or sweating. Three enzymes in the body do most of the work to remove the alcohol (alcohol dehydrogenase – ADH, catalase and cytochrome P450). With age, there is a smaller number of these enzymes.
Also, many medications and food can compete with these enzymes and further enzymes can reduce the amount available to eliminate alcohol. As a consequence, the limit between the risk of heart disease and benefits of alcohol changes with age.
A recent study helps define what it means acceptable level of alcohol in the elderly. The study included 4,500 people over 65 who were followed for more than 10 years.
Consumers were divided into 4 categories:
-7 Drinks per week;
-One 7-14 drinks per week;
-More than 14 drinks per week.
The researchers found a number of findings in the group of persons over 65 years:
Higher alcohol consumption was associated with an increase in heart cavity while it relaxes (diastolic) and contracting (systolic), in both sexes. Like all muscles, the heart works better when muscle fibers are stretched too much. Increasing the size of muscle fibers pressed the heart cavity and become less effective.
Increased alcohol consumption in men was associated enlargement of the heart mass (thickening of heart muscle). This happens because you have to relax in an active way. A thick heart muscle takes more time to relax, and if the pulse is too fast, can develop symptoms such as shortness of breath and heart attack.
Increase alcohol consumption in women was associated with lower heart operation. Heart ejection fraction is the amount of blood that the heart is pumping, divided by the amount it receives. EF and women who consumed more alcohol compared to those who did not drink at all or drank less is significantly less.
In both sexes, increasing alcohol consumption has been linked to enlargement of the upper chamber of the heart (left atrium). Enlarged left atrium is an important cause of atrial fibrillation.
Only in the group of people over 14 glasses noted an increase in blood pressure.
Studies have shown that any drinking at older age may increase the risk of heart enlargement upper rooms. These structural changes of the heart can increase the risk of atrial fibrillation and heart failure.
Womens are especially prone to these changes , but the researchers observed in mens who consumed less than one drink a day. Try to limit alcohol intake to less than 7 drinks per week advice applies particularly to womens over 65 years.