Heart diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide; they take lives of a greater number of people than all cancers combined. According to medical specialists, the numbers of deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases are directly related to unknowing the specific symptoms of these disorders.
Symptoms of cardiovascular diseases are difficult to identify because they are not always obvious and intense and varies from person to person depending on sex. Because of this, doctors’ state that any evidence must not be ignored, even if it occurs on a short time or can be attributed to other diseases.
Knowing the specific symptoms of heart disease is mandatory for persons who have passed the age of 50 or are exposed to cardiovascular risk factors: hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, obesity, smoking, diabetes or of a family history.
Symptoms of heart disease
2. Chest pain (angina pectoris)
Chest pain is the most common symptoms of myocardial infarction. In case of heart disease, chest pain occurs below the sternum, a little to the left; the pain can be compared with a weight that presses the chest, causing a feeling of discomfort, of pressure and fullness. Usually, women experience a burning sensation in the chest, and men the feeling of pressure and chest pain. According to doctors in cardiology, people associate chest pain with the existence of digestive affections.
Persistent cough or loud respiration may be symptoms of heart failure, although they occur due to fluid accumulation in the lungs. In some cases, patients have experienced persistent cough and hemoptysis.
Myocardial infarction causes dizziness and loss of consciousness, are, thus caused severe heart rhythm disturbances known as arrhythmias.
Unusual tiredness occurs during prodromal period especially for women.
6. Nausea and lack of appetite
There are many cases when people manifest prodromal nausea during myocardial infarction. Also, abdominal bloating and nausea associated with heart failure can interfere with appetite.
7. Pain manifested in other parts of the body
In case of myocardial infarction, it is initially manifested as a chest pain and then spreads to the shoulders, arms, elbows, back, neck, jaw or abdomen. Also, there are situations when chest pain is not evident, but only the pain in the areas mentioned above. In men, pain is especially manifested at the left arm and in the women this will be felt most likely in both arms or between the shoulder blades.
8. Disorders of heart rhythm and heart rate
According to medical specialists, occasional occurrence of the heart rhythm disorders is not a health concern, but if this disorder occurs besides other symptoms, such as weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath then the patient may experience a heart attack or heart failure. Untreated, arrhythmias can cause stroke or sudden death.
People who feel tired, exhausted after a minim effort, may suffer from a lung disease such as asthma, chronic obstructive broncho-pneumopathy; However, dyspnea is also the symptom for myocardial infarction or heart failure. Frequently, during a heart attack difficulty of breathing is accompanied by the chest pain.
Cold Sweat is one of the most common symptoms of myocardial infarction. This occurs even when the body is relaxed and is at rest.
Heart failure causes fluid retention in the body, which leads to the appearance of inflammation in the feet, ankles, hands and abdomen, and the sudden increase in weight and sometimes loss of appetite.
In the prodromal period of a myocardial infarction, patients are facing severe and unexplained weakness. According to the patients, in those days they did not have the necessary force for holding a sheet of paper.
Indicates an existence of a heart rhythm disorder; they can accompany a great effort, an emotion or a hot flash of anguish.